||Thomas and Elizabeth Wheeler Dustin
Born about 1606 in England
Died before July 1, 1662 Probably in Portsmouth, Maine
born about 1620 or 1625 probably in England
Died July 16, 1690 in Kittery, York, Maine
Married before 1648
Elizabeth, b. abt 1645, Kittery, York, Maine;
Thomas, b. abt 1650, Kittery, York, Maine;
FROM THE BOOK: Old Kittery and Her Families, Stackpole,
Everett S. Old Kittery and Her Families, Press of Lewiston Journal
Company, Lewiston, ME 1903
The next lot of twenty acres on the west was granted, 19 June 1654,
to Thomas Duston. It was 28 by 120 rods and reached from Crooked Lane to
Spruce Creek. In a deposition, made 28 April 1661, Thomas Duston gave
his age as about 55 years. He signed the Dover Combination in 1640 and
was before Court in New Hampshire for debt, 5 May 1643. He is mentioned
in Kittery in 1650 and was constable there in 1652. He had rented his
place on Crooked Lane to Richard Downe in 1659-60 and was then living in
Portsmouth. Elizabeth Duston, his widow,gave a deed of the place to John
Cutt, 19 March 1662. There seems to have been some litigation about it
years later, and the heirs of Duston recovered the place. In 1678 Lucy
Wills, aged about 46, and Sarah Lidden, aged about 38, testified that
Thomas Duston's house was formerly burned and he had to mortgage his
land to John Cutt. They say, too, that after Duston's death, his widow
married a Mr. Button.1 She married Matthias Button of
Haverhill, 9 June
|1Court Records of New Hampshire.
1663. She was his third wife. She died in Haverhill, Mass., 16 July
June 8 1703, administration was granted to Thomas Duston of Haverhill
on the estate of his father, Thomas Durston of Kittery.1 This
fixes the parentage of the famous Thomas Duston or Dustin of Haverhill,
who married, 3 Dec. 1677, Hannah, daughter of Michael and Hannah
(Webster) Emerson. They had eight
children, seven of whom were rescued by him when the Indians burned his
house 15 March 1697. The babe was dashed against a tree. Hannah with her
nurse and a youth were carried away. In the night the three captives
arose and killed their twelve Indian captors and returned home with
twelve scalps besides their own.2
The Kittery records say that, 14 Dec. 1733, there were laid out to
Timothy Duston, John Watts and others, heirs of Thomas Duston, twenty
acres granted to Thomas Duston, 19 June 1654.3
Meanwhile the land had been occupied by others. John Cutt transferred
it to John Ameredeth. It was described as lying
|1Probate Records at Alfred, Me.
|2Chase's History of Haverhill, pp. 185-195
FROM THE BOOK: "The Duston - Dustin Family" Thomas and Elizabeth (Wheeler) Duston and their descendants, Complied by The Duston - Dustin Family Association Genealogists.
Thomas (1) Duston (or Duston), b about 1606, England; d, before July 1, 1662; m. before 1648, Elizabeth, daughter of John wheeler of Hampton, N.H., Salisbury and Newbury, Mass. After the death of Thomas Duston, she m June 9, 1663, Haverhill, Mass., as his 4th wife, Matthias Button of Haverhill, who d. Aug. 13, 1672, Haverhill, Mass.
The place and exact date of his birth are at present unknown and are the subject of investigation, but on April 28, 1661, in a deposition on the Walton case, he gave his age at "about 55 years"
He came to America with the Trelawney Expedition in 1633 and a brief summary of events leading up to this expedition may be of interest here.
In the year 1620 King James 1 of England granted a charter to the "Northern Company", so called, consisting of the Earls of Arundel and Warwick, other noblemen including Sir Ferdinando Gorges and certain private gentlemen who were called "The council established at Plymouth in the County of Devon for the planting and governing"-" of New England in America." Full details of this patent and its history may be found in the publications of the Maine Historical Society.
Under this patent, on Dec. 1, 1631, the rights "to fowle and fishe" on a grant of land including Cape Elizabeth and Richmond Island were granted being signed by the Earl of Warwick, Edward Gorges and Sir Ferdinando Gorges.
On Jan. 18, 1632, Robert Trelawney and Moses Goodyear executed to John Winter and Thomas Pomeroy a power of attorney to operate the fisheries and trading post from Cape Elizabeth to the Spurwink River. In the spring of that year, Winter set out for America, arriving on July 21, 1632, when he took possession of Richmond Island from Richard Vines, whom he found living there.
Richmond Island had already figured in the early history of the province. As early as 1624 it was a trading post for George Richmond, hence its name. In 1628 he relinquished it to Walter Bagnall, known as "Great Walt." Thomas Morton of "Merrymount" fame was a friend and boon companion of Bagnall and spent some time with him on Richmond Island after his rather hurried departure form the vicinity of Boston. Shortly after Morton left the Island, Bagnall, an unscrupulous trader, was killed on October 3, 1631, by the Indians whom he had cheated and Richard Vines settled there and was dispossessed by Winter as above mentioned.
John Winter employed John Badiver and Thomas and Andrew Alger, who were living on House Island in Casco Bay to look after Richmond Island and to protect the interests of his employers while he returned to England for a more completely outfitted expedition.
In 1633 he again set out for America, arriving at Richmond's Island on March 2. This time he remained for about two years. With him on this expedition was Thomas Duston as is shown by the following extract from a letter sent by Winter to Trelawney on the "Hunter" which sailed for England on July 3, 1634. This letter, dated "Richmond Island, the 18th of June, 1634", gives a very complete account of his doings during the previous year and lists the amounts due each member of the party, one of the items being as follows:
"Thomas Dustin is to haue a share and L4 in money, which doth amount unto L15.9s.6d., and he is to allow out of yt for provisions bought of me heare in the country 10s. 8d. so there remeaneth due unto him……….L14. 18s. 10d."
At the end of this list is added the following note:
"This is all our company that do work with us heare upon our fishinge, except your servant, Henry,____" etc.
(For a complete copy of this letter see Maine Historical Collections, "Trelawney Papers.")
Just how long Thomas Duston remained a fisherman in Winter's employ is uncertain, but as his name is not on the list of those employed by Winter in 1639, he evidently left before this date.
In fact, by 1639 only one of those employed by Winter in 1634 remained with him, for although John Winter was a capable manager of the Richmond Island trading post, particularly where his own interests were concerned, he was none the less a hard man to work for and few of his men signed on for a second term of service after the original contract expired. On July 8, 1639, Stephen Sargent, writing for Winter, complained that "some of the men are deserting the Colony."
Winter himself wrote to Trelawney on July 10, 1639, two days later, a letter containing the sentence: "Our men as their tymes comes out do go away, and so will all here after except I will give them double hire ____" etc.
We do not know whether Thomas returned to England between 1634 and 1640, or exactly where he was living, but in 1640 he joined the community at Northam (now Dover, N.H.), made up largely of men who like Thomas Duston had completed their terms of service and were striving to gain a living and become independent. This consisted of a certain number of responsible citizens of good character and numerous others of a lawless type. These responsible citizens, in order to curb the wilder element in the community, on Oct. 22, 1640, drew up and signed a document known to us as the "Dover Combination." Only a copy of this exists today, made for Governor Cranfield in 1683. It expresses the willingness of the signers to "submit to his Royal ma ties Lawes together with all such Orders as shal be concluded by a Major part of the Freemen of our Society, in case they bee not repugnant to the Lawes of England and administred in the behalfe of his Majesty." To this document the signature of "Tho: Dunstar" is the thirty-fourth in order of forty-two names. Authorities agree that in this copy at least seven of the surnames are misspelled, including that of Thomas.
There was strong opposition to this "Combination", Captain John Underhill, a strong opponent of the measure, even went from door to door securing "by flattering and threatening" some signatures to a note submitting to the government of Massachusetts. This led to violent action by both parties and finally to a decree banishing Underhill from the settlement.
In March, 1641, the leading inhabitants of "Northam" sent a letter to the Governor of Massachusetts explaining Underhill's conduct and stating their objections to coming under the government of Massachusetts. This letter is known as the "Protest" and Thomas Durston's signature is fifth in the list of twenty-five signers. It is worthy of note here that he first signed his name Duston, afterwards interpolating the r, evidently wishing his name signed correctly to a document of such importance.
The result of this "Protest" was that after certain conditions had been fulfilled, the citizens of "Northam" finally placed themselves under the protection of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and remained there for nearly fifty years.
From this time on we find Thomas mentioned in numerous documents and we are able to trade his movements with some degree of confidence. He was before the court in New Hampshire for debt on May 5, 1643. March 24 and June 30 in the case of "John Heard, plt., Thomas Douston and Thomas Jones, defendants in an action of trespas for cutting his grasse and carrying away of his haye." The case was put to arbitration and the result is not given.
Some time prior to 1648 he met and married Elizabeth, daughter of John Wheeler, and according to Pope's "Pioneers of Massachusetts" was a proprietor in Charleston, Mass., adjoining Ralph Hall in 1648. If this be true, it is none the less certain that he and his wife returned to the Piscataqua before 1650 and settled in Kittery, Me., where, in 1650, they were presented to the General Court by the "Grand Jurie," "for neckleckting the ordinances of God upon the sabath day" (non-attendance at church) and were fined 10 shillings, the fine for future offences to be 40s. As there were no future offences, we may assume that they were thereafter regular in their attendance.
On Nov. 16, 1652, Thomas was one of the signers of the "Submission" of the citizens of Kittery to the Massachusetts Bay Colony and his signature is 12th on the list. A facsimile of this document from the Massachusetts Archives accompanies this report and may also be found on page 143 of Stackpole's "Old Kittery and her Families." Here his name is plainly written Durston.
Four days later on November 20, "Thomas Dunston and Robert Mendham were Chosen and sworne Constables for the Towne of Kittery." They held this position for several years and are mentioned as holding this position in 1655.
On June 9, 1654, he received a grant of twenty acres on the west of John White's lot in Kittery, ---- 28 X 120 rods, reaching from Crooked Lane to Spruce Creek. Here he built a house and lived with his family till the winter of 1659-60.
At this time (1654), he was in the employ of George Walton of Great Island in the Piscataqua River.
In 1657 he was again a member of the Grand Jury at York, Me.
In 1660 the house on Crooked Lane was destroyed by fire and he was forced to mortgage the property to John Cutt in order to obtain necessities for his family. The property was at this time rented to Richard Downe. The mortgage deed is dated March 2, 1659-60 and is signed Thomas Duston, his wife making her mark. The deed is witnessed by his wife's brother, David Wheeler and John Cutt, Junior.
Thomas died between April, 1661, and July 1, 1662, on the latter date his wife being made administratrix of her husband's estate by Court at York.
The death of Thomas left his widow faced with the necessity of providing for her three children, and on March 19, 1662-63, she deeded to John Cutt all the interest of herself and children in her late husband's property "both turffe and Twigge upon the Land" for the sum of "fourty pounds Sterlg."
The validity of this transaction was evidently in some way open to question as there was litigation concerning it for many years starting in 1677, some five years after the death of Matthias Button, her second husband, for in that year both the original mortgage deed and the final sale by the widow of Thomas were both recorded and copied.
In 1678 there was a deposition made on June 25, recorded in Portsmouth Deeds, Vol. 3,p. 137, by Luce Wills and Sarah Lidden, the former aged about forty-six years and the latter thirty-eight years. This deposition set forth the following facts: that they had learned from "ye Relist of Thomas Duston, by name Elizabeth" that after Thomas Duston's house was burned, "her husband and she were forced to take up Twenty pounds for their necessitie in bedding & goods of Mr. John Cutt sen'r of piscattaq", for which they mortgaged their house and land "now in ye possession of John Amerideth" and after her husband's death she was "Inforced to comply" with Cutt to pay ten pounds to Nathaniel ffryer owed by her husband and that "being by Necessity constreinied for herselfe & children did make a sale of "the before mentioned house and land to Cutt. Also that her second husband "by name Button at his decease bequeathed to her selfe one hundred acres of land, where of Thirty acres she gave to her son Thomas Durston for quietness sake that he might not trouble the sd Amerideth afterward aboute ye house & Land above menc'oned w ch she said that ye said Cutt honestly paid her for & that concerning ye above said Land she Knew how things were better than anybody & therefore gave him the abovsaid Thirty acres of Land……"
On June 8, 1703, administration was granted to Thomas Duston of Haverhill on the estate of his father, Thomas Durston of Kittery and finally on Dec. 14, 1733, according to the Kittery Records, there was laid out to Timothy Dustin, John Watts and others, heir of Thomas Duston, "twenty acres granted to Thomas Duston 19 June 1654."
Nothing further has been found concerning Thomas (1) Duston, but it is evident from the foregoing that he was a man who loved his family, who did his duty to God and country, and who, starting from the role of an humble fisherman rose to a position of some standing in the communities where he resided, ---a man whose courage and vision led him to seek a competence far from the land of his birth, -- in short, one of the true pioneers of America.
The following are the proofs of the parentage of his wire, Elizabeth. After his death, she married Matthias Button of Haverhill as has previously been stated. There was no other Elizabeth Button in the Colony. The will of John Wheeler of Newbury, dated march 28, 668, after bequest to sons David, Edward , Adam, Thomas and William and daughter Mercy bequeaths as follows " and to my daughter Elizabeth Button I give four pounds." Then follow other bequest to daughter Anna Chase, daughter-in-law Susanna Wheeler, son George's children, son Roger Wheeler's children "and to my daughter Elizabeth's children forty shillings apiece, to Thomas forty shillings to be payd to him when he shalbe of the age of one & twenty & to Mary forty shillings & to Elizabeth forty shillings when they shalbe Eighteen years of age".
Finally, the following proofs are set forth that the children of Elizabeth Button were surnamed Duston:
First, Thomas (2) Duston.
From Old Norfolk County Records, p.231 of Vol. 60 of the Essex Institute Historical Collections:
Thomas Duston of Haverhill acknowledges the sale of fifty acres of land to Sam (11) Gild, jun., of Haverhill, deceased and gave deed therefore, which deed doth not appeare. Sd land Peter Green of Haverhill sold to Nath (11) Merrill of Nubery for said Merrill's security from said Duston in point of claiming any of the said land. Therefore the said Tho: Duston stands bound in five hundred pounds, that neither his heirs, etc., or his mother, Elizabeth Butten or heirs shall molest said Merrill. March 15, 1677-78, Wit. Aquilla (his mark) Chase, Robert fford. Ack, by Thomas Duston June 1, 1678, before Jo. Woodbridge, commissioner.
Second, Elizabeth (2) Duston.
Elizabeth m. 1st, John Kingsberry, who d. Jan 23, 1670, Haverhill, Mass. She m. 2d, Dec. 11, 1672, Haverhill, Mass., Peter Green.
From Old Norfolk County Records, p. 103 of Vol. 58 of the Essex Institute Historical Collections:
Elizabeth Butten of Haverhill, for ten pounds conveys to her son-in-law Peter Green twenty acres upland in Haverhill, near hawks meadow, bounded by land of sd Peter Green, by Aquila Chase, by a pine tree and by land of Thomas Duston. Dec. 7, 1673, Wit. Henry Kinsbery and Joseph Kinsbery. Ack. by Elizabeth (her 6 mark) Butten Feb. 2, 1674 before Nath (11) Saltonstall, commissioner.
Nothing definite has yet been learned concerning Mary.
i. Elizabeth (2) Duston, b. (probably about 1648), m. first before 1664, John Kingsberry, who d. Jan. 23, 1670, Haverhill, Mass., second Dec. 11, 1672, Haverhill, Mass., Peter Green. Children, Elizabeth Kingsberry, b. Aug. 14, 1664, Haverhill, Mass., Mary Green, b. Nov. 13, 1673, Haverhill, Mass., Elizabeth Green, b. Oct 24, 1675, Haverhill. Mass., Hannah Green, b. Dec. 20, 1677, Haverhill, Mass.
ii. Mary (2) Duston.
iii. Thomas (2) Duston, b. about 1652; m. Dec. 3, 1677, Hannah Webster Emerson.
Winthrop, Mass., February, 1938.
"Old Kittery and her Families," Stackpole, pp.79-80.
"Old Families of Salisbury and Amesbury," David W. Hoyt, Vol. 1, p. 253; Vol. II p. 820; Vol. III. p. 1022.
Essex Institute Historical Collections, Vol. 46, pp. 348 - 349; Vol. 58, p. 103; Vol. 60 p. 231.
Maine Historical Collections, "Trelawney Papers."
Maine Historical Society, Province and Court Records, Vol. I, pp. 107 - 109, 112, 146; Vol. II pp. 6, 37, 57, 117.
York (Me.) Deeds, III: 20, 21.
"Pioneers of Massachusetts," C. H. Pope.
"Pioneers of Maine and New Hampshire, 1623 - 1660," C. H. Pope, p. 60.
New Hamshire Wills, thomas Duston, 1678, Depostion of Lice Wills and Sarah Lidden (also recorded in Portsmouht Deeds, Vol. 3, p. 137).
Probate records of Essex county (Mass.), Col. II, pp. 200 -201.
"Ancestry of Lydia Harmon," walter Foodwin Davis, p. 82.
Haverhill, Mass., Vital Records.
FROM THE BOOK "PIONEERS OF MAINE AND NEW HAMPSHIRE" by C.H.POPE copyright 1908
DUSTON, THOMAS Kittery (Maine) , signed the Piscataqua combination in 1640, Lawsuit in 1643. Took oath of allegiance to Mass. govnt. at Kittery 16 Nov 1652. Constable. He deposed in Walton case 28 (4) 1660, ae. about 55 years. (P court files) He and wife Elizabeth, of Portsmouth, sold house and land in Kittery 2 March 1659-60; she, as widow, made a confirmatory deed 19 March, 1662-3. After his death the widow m. June 9, 1663 (as his fourth wife) Matthias Button of Haverhill, Mass. She died July 16, 1690.
FROM THE BOOK: Ancestry and Genealogy of Thomas Grover, Joel P.
Grover, Privately Published. Los Angeles, California. 1959.
Thomas Duston,1 (or Dustin, Dustan, Durston)
came to America from England some time before March 1640. His record is first found,
together with several other names, in a petition to the Governor of Massachusetts Bay
Colony, dated 4 March 1640, as "of Northam, Mass.", (now Dover, N. H.). He appears to
have then moved eastward, and settled at Kittery, York Co., (now Maine), where he was
given a grant of 20 acres of land, 19 June 1654. In two or three court depositions he gave
his age as "abt 55 yrs, in 1661", so he was born about 1606. In 1659-60 he rented out
his property in Kittery, and was then living in Portsmouth, (Maine). Elizabeth Duston, his
widow, gave a deed of the Kittery place to John Cutt, 19 March 1662, which was later
proved invalid. Thomas Duston Jr, of Haverhill, (Mass.), was then appointed administrator
of his late father's estate, 8 June 1703, to clear up the clouded title and other business of
the property and estate, disposed of by the widow
without regard to the rights of the
children. After Duston's death in 1662, his widow, Elizabeth (Wheeler) Duston, married,
(2), 9 June 1663, a Mathias Button, of Haverhill, Mass. She was born abt 1620 or 1625,
most likely in England, and was a daughter of John and Ann (or Agnes) (Yeoman) Wheeler,
of Kittery, (now Maine); she died 16 July 1690, at Kittery.
Elizabeth, b. abt 1645, Kittery, York,
(Maine); M- (1) abt 1667, John Kingsberry;
and, (2), Dec. 1672, Peter Green.
Thomas, b. abt 1650, Kittery, York, (Maine);
M- 3 Dec. 1677, Hannah Emerson.
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